Some costs are deducted from workers’ comp awards, including attorney fees, doctors’ liens, Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance repayments, and permanent disability advances. An overview of these deductions can help injured workers understand how they impact workers’ compensation settlements.
Workers’ compensation lawyers in Iowa accept work injury cases on a contingency fee basis. This prevents clients from having to make upfront payments for legal representation. Attorneys will instead receive a percentage of the total amount awarded to the client when the case is resolved.
Typically, an attorney’s fee agreement will detail the percentage that determines the contingency fee, but officials such as workers’ comp judges will likely need to approve the total amount paid. An attorney may also charge for specific costs regarding the case, including requests for medical records and fees for expert witnesses.
Recipients of workers’ comp awards will need to repay any health insurance, Medicaid, or Medicare payments made to healthcare providers that treated work-related injuries while the employer’s insurance company refused to cover them. These healthcare channels are considered “secondary payers,” meaning they don’t need to cover medical bills that other insurers would cover.
Additionally, award recipients may need to set aside part of the award to go toward future medical expenses under a Medicare Set-Aside Account. This would help cover bills that Medicare would ordinarily cover. A workers’ compensation attorney may be able to help navigate this often complicated process.
The workers’ comp award may also include a dollar amount to cover medical expenses that insurers haven’t paid because the insurance company refused to pay, or they denied the claim. When medical professionals agree to receive payment at a later time, funds are extracted from a portion of the workers’ comp settlement. This is commonly referred to as a doctor’s lien. This helps ensure that any unpaid bills will come from the award.
In addition to these deductions, other deductions could include unemployment compensation, overdue child support, and taxes.